Probably the best-known compilation of human rights is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) signed at the United Nations in 1948. The atrocities of the Second World War were the principle impetus for establishing the UDHR as the benchmark for the basic entitlements of every person. Australia took an active part in drafting and implementing the UDHR at a time when an Australian, H. V. Evatt, was President of the General Assembly. Since its original good work at the United Nations, Australia has fallen behind the rest of the democratic world in the protection of human rights. For example, we are the only common law country that does not protect the basic rights and freedoms of its citizens with a Bill of Human Rights.